According to a new study, the consumption of juice or beet juice could reduce blood pressure.
Beet or beet is a perennial plant that produces leaves and roots that are widely used as a food source for humans and animals. Beets are a source of vitamins A and C, iron and other minerals, carotenoids and dietary fiber.
Betalins are natural pigments (colors) that are responsible for the red color of the stems and leaves of the beet. After eating beets, these pigments produce red or pink urine (called beeturia) in about 10-14 percent of people.
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends avoiding beet and other high-nitrate foods in children under three months of age to avoid the risk of nitrate poisoning.
Studies in humans have analyzed the effects of beets on sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol. However, the results are mixed. Preliminary evidence indicates that beet fiber could moderately reduce systolic blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes. Further research is needed.
In a study published in the British Journal of Nutrition, the researchers conducted two separate studies to evaluate the effects of beet juice on blood pressure. People with normal blood pressure levels were randomly assigned to drink 0 grams, 100 grams, 250 grams, or 500 grams of beet juice, or to eat a control bread product that contained no beet juice, a bread product that contained 100 grams of red beet juice or a bread product that contained 100 grams of white beet juice. Blood pressure was measured for 24 hours and nitrate levels in the urine were measured before treatment and again two hours, four hours, and 24 hours after treatment.
The researchers found that consuming beet juice was significantly associated with reducing blood pressure during 24 hours. The authors observed that the reduction in blood pressure was almost independent of the amount of beet juice consumed. In addition, the researchers found that consumption of bread products, both red and white, was significantly associated with a reduction in blood pressure. With the exception of white beet bread, all bread products with beet juice significantly increased nitrate levels in the urine after consumption.
The authors concluded that consumption of small amounts of beet juice could reduce blood pressure. Well-designed clinical trials on a larger scale are needed to evaluate these findings.
Many foods, in addition to beets, have been evaluated to determine their possible effects on blood pressure. Numerous studies report that garlic may reduce blood pressure. In addition, some studies have suggested that chocolate could also reduce blood pressure. More research is needed.