To conserve the health of your eyes as long as possible, it is important that you take care of them at all stages of your life. Here we give you ten tips to take care of your eyes before reaching forty, so you can enjoy good visual health, not only in your youth but also when you reach old age.
The vision may begin to deteriorate as we get older, especially after age 40. But you should know that you can do a lot to avoid or delay the advance of potential vision problems related to age that may occur when you arrive this decade. The previous years are vital for the care of your eyes, so take note of these ten cares to keep your eyes healthy longer:
1. Know your family history related to vision. Some diseases of the eye can be inherited. So, find out if any of your relatives has had eye problems, so you know your risk factors: glaucoma , for example. This will allow you to be aware of the symptoms, inform your ophthalmologist and take the necessary steps to detect the disease and, if necessary, treat it on time.
2. Eat in a healthy way. You may have heard that carrots are good for the eyes. This is because they contain vitamin A , but they are not the only ones. You can also add dark green leafy vegetables, such as spinach and curly cabbage to your diet. In addition, research has shown that fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, tuna and grouper, are also good for eye health.
3. Maintain a healthy weight . Being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing diabetes and other conditions that can lead to vision loss due to diabetic retinopathy or glaucoma .
4. Exercise regularly . The eyes need a good circulation of blood and oxygen, and both are stimulated when you practice some sport or physical activity. This, in addition, will help you stay at a healthy weight.
5. Sleep well . It is during the hours of sleep when the eyes are lubricated and can clean the irritants to which they are exposed during waking hours, such as dust, smoke and other allergens.
6. Rest your eyes . When you spend a lot of time on the computer or looking at an activity such as reading, you often forget to blink, which causes fatigue or eyestrain. Practice the so-called 20-20-20 rule: Every 20 minutes, look 20 feet away (around six meters) for 20 seconds. This will help reduce eye fatigue.
7. Avoid sexually transmitted diseases (STDs ) . This is important since some STDs can affect the health of your eyes, such as herpes type 1 or 2 (which can cause inflammation of the cornea and glaucoma, among other problems), chlamydia and gonorrhea (which can be transmitted to you drink during childbirth or reach your eyes at any age, through touch), syphilis (which is a systemic infection that can also put your eyes at risk) and HIV / AIDS (which increases your chances of getting infections) such as toxoplasmosis and cytomegalovirus retinitis).
8. Wear safety glasses and protect your eyes from dangerous situations , either when you practice a risky sport such as when you work (and this last includes some tasks at home). It is estimated that in this way you can prevent 90 percent of eye injuries .
9. Protect your eyes from the sun , using lenses or glasses that block 100% ultraviolet rays. There are also photosensitive lenses that darken on contact with UV rays and are very convenient for use in both open and closed spaces.
10. Avoid tobacco . This habit can cause many negative effects on your overall health. As for the eyes, in particular, it increases the chances of you suffering from cataracts and heart disease , which can also affect your eyesight. This is especially important in the case of pregnant women, since smoking during pregnancy increases the chances of the baby being born prematurely and develop retinopathy of prematurity and blindness, among other diseases.
Finally, remember that not being young does not require you to go to the ophthalmologist or ophthalmologist. Visit a doctor specializing in the eyes if you have an infection, if you get injured or if you experience flashes of light or other symptoms that may suggest a vision problem .
Also, if you wear contact lenses or have other health conditions, such as diabetes or a family history of eye diseases, talk to an ophthalmologist and follow their instructions.
And if you see well and have no problems with your eyesight, it is recommended that you visit a minimal ophthalmologist once in the 20s and twice in the 30s. So you can keep seeing well despite the passage of time.